Shio-Mgvime Monastery is a medieval monastic complex in Georgia, near the town of Mtskheta. It is located in a narrow limestone canyon on the northern bank of the river Mtkvari. According to a historic tradition, the first monastic community at this place was founded by the 6th-century monk Shio, one of the Thirteen Assyrian Fathers who came to Georgia as Christian missionaries. St. Shio is said to have spent his last years as a hermit in a deep cave near Mtskheta subsequently named Shiomghvime (“the Cave of Shio”) after him. Shio-Mgvime was the largest monastic community in Georgia and by the end of the 6th century it was populated by 2,000 monks. It was a vibrant center of cultural and religious activities.
Mtskheta is one of the oldest cities of Georgia, it is located approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) north of Tbilisi. As the birthplace and one of the most vibrant centers of Christianity in Georgia, Mtskheta was declared as the “Holy City” by the Georgian Orthodox Church in 2014. Due to its historical significance and several cultural monuments, the “Historical Monuments of Mtskheta” became a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site. Mtskheta was founded in the 5th century.